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Agreement Resulting in a Bicameral Congress

In 1787, the United States Constitution was signed and ratified by the original 13 colonies. This document laid out the framework for the federal government and introduced the concept of a bicameral congress. The agreement to create this legislative structure was the result of much debate and compromise, ultimately leading to the creation of the Senate and House of Representatives.

At the time of the Constitutional Convention, there were two major plans in play for the structure of the legislative branch. The Virginia Plan, proposed by James Madison, called for a bicameral congress with both houses based on population. This plan favored larger states with greater representation and voting power. On the other hand, the New Jersey Plan, proposed by William Paterson, called for a unicameral legislature with equal representation for each state. This plan favored smaller states and treated them as equals to larger states.

The agreement to create a bicameral congress came about through the Great Compromise, also known as the Connecticut Compromise. This agreement called for a bicameral congress with equal representation in the Senate for each state and proportional representation in the House of Representatives based on population. This compromise aimed to balance representation between both large and small states, satisfying the interests of both.

The bicameral congress has proven to be an effective system for the United States. The Senate, with its equal representation of states, has been instrumental in protecting the interests of smaller states and ensuring that they have a voice in the legislative process. Meanwhile, the House of Representatives, with its proportional representation, ensures that the needs and opinions of the larger states are represented.

In addition to its effectiveness, the bicameral congress also serves as an important symbol of democracy. The two chambers represent different perspectives and interests, challenging each other to reach decisions that are in the best interest of the people. This system provides a necessary balance of power, preventing any one group or individual from having too much control over the legislative process.

In conclusion, the agreement to create a bicameral congress was a crucial moment in the history of the United States. Through compromise and debate, the Senate and House of Representatives were created, providing a balance of power and representation for all states. This system has proven to be effective and serves as an important symbol of democracy.

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