drsatilalpatil Uncategorized What Are Executive Agreements and Why Might President`s Use Them Instead of Treaties

What Are Executive Agreements and Why Might President`s Use Them Instead of Treaties

Executive agreements refer to international agreements forged by the President of the United States without requiring Congressional approval. In contrast, treaties require the President to seek the advice and consent of two-thirds of the Senate.

While both executive agreements and treaties are legally binding in the United States, the former is typically used when the agreement is of a more sensitive or temporary nature. Additionally, executive agreements are more flexible and can be established more quickly than treaties, making them ideal for responding to time-sensitive issues.

Here are some reasons why Presidents might choose to use executive agreements instead of treaties:

1. Flexibility

As mentioned earlier, executive agreements are more flexible than treaties. Because Executive agreements do not require the advice and consent of the Senate, they are usually negotiated and signed much faster than treaties. This flexibility makes executive agreements a great choice when time is of the essence, or when changes in circumstance necessitate swift action.

2. Political Expediency

Presidents often use executive agreements to bypass the legislative gridlock that can occur when trying to negotiate treaties. With executive agreements, the President can take action unilaterally without having to go through the necessary parliamentary procedures that treaties require. This is particularly useful for Presidents who do not have a cooperative Congress and, therefore, can`t get treaties passed.

3. Confidentiality

Executive agreements are often used when the nature of the agreement is sensitive or secretive. For example, the President might use an executive agreement to negotiate a peace accord with a country that is not yet ready to make its negotiations public. This allows the President to keep sensitive negotiations confidential without having to worry about leaks or intrusion by third parties.

4. Specific Agreements

Executive agreements are ideal for specific-agreements that usually don`t have a long life span. For instance, two countries can agree to co-operate on the development of a particular project, which may only last for a few years. An executive agreement can be used for this agreement, which will expire once the goal is achieved.

In conclusion, Executive agreements are a useful tool that gives Presidents more latitude in the conduct of foreign policy and international relations. While they are not as comprehensive as treaties, they offer flexibility, political expedience, confidentiality, and specificity in the agreements signed. However, it is important to note that executive agreements are still legally binding and must be respected by future administrations.

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